Supporting festivities in the urban realm are possibilities cities have to reduce risks of exclusion and to stabilise narratives of belonging while reducing uncertainty. They are convivial forms creating territorial belonging and inclusion, beyond differences. The paper focuses on urban rituals of inclusion in Montréal, Genève and Turin as practices that foster inclusion and belonging to the city, coping with turnover of inhabitants and the change of urban spaces. In our post-migratory and mobile societies, where uncertainty bears both risks and challenges, rituals fostering a common ground, a sensus communis, as they require participation, but not necessarily a formalised affiliation.
Parole chiave: urban rituals, inclusion, belonging, cities, differences